Are you getting ready for your first functional fitness class? Or maybe you’ve got a few under your belt but you’re still a newbie. We hope you’re excited, because you’re embarking on a journey you never could’ve imagined — a journey of better health, better wellness, and a community that will introduce you to people who will become lifelong friends. It’s a very unique environment, and functional fitness has its own language. It’ll help if you familiarize yourself with some of the fitness terminology beforehand. Here are some of the more basic fitness terms, to get you prepped.
You might also like our blog on five movements all beginner athletes should train!
Common Functional Fitness Terms (And What They Mean)
Workout of the day
Repetition, one execution of a movement
More than one repetition
Example: 1 set of 10 reps
Metabolic conditioning workout, designed to improve conditioning using high-intensity movements
A workout with many reps and a variety of movements that you “chip” away at
Psst! Read our blog on six chipper WODs you need to try.
As many reps (or rounds) as possible
Example: A 5-minute AMRAP of burpees means you perform as many burpees as you can in 5 minutes.
Every minute on the minute
Example: A 10-minute EMOM of 3 pull-ups + 3 thrusters means at the top of every minute, you perform 3 pull-ups and 3 thrusters and then rest for the remainder of that minute.
As prescribed, meaning you perform a movement or workout as programmed by your coach
You modify your programming to make it easier or harder, so it can be challenging but manageable for you.
Example: Squatting to a box instead of full depth, to reduce the range of motion and make the movement more manageable.
Learn important scaling tips for beginners.
The term used for a functional fitness gym
To squat below parallel, where your hips pass below knee level
To do a WOD as quickly as possible
Example: 200 double-unders for time means to complete 200 double-unders as quickly as possible.
Personal best, or performing a movement better than you ever have
Example: A 100kg clean and jerk, when your previous record was 95k.
Personal record, same as PB (personal best).
Repetition maximum, or rep max — the heaviest weight you can complete a rep (or reps) of a specified movement
Example: A 1RM is the heaviest weight you can complete one rep of a specified movement, like a clean or back squat; a 10RM is the heaviest weight you can complete 10 reps of a specified movement.
Four minutes of high-intensity work, consisting of: 20 seconds of max effort + 10 seconds of rest, completed for 8 rounds
Check out our list of fun tabatas you can do anywhere.
Unbroken, or completing reps without stopping in between reps
Example: 10 deadlifts unbroken means completing 10 deadlifts without letting go of the bar or pausing excessively at the top or bottom of the lift.
Movements You Should Know
Clean and jerk
Sumo deadlift high-pull
Range of motion